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 24-01-2011, 01:51 AM : [13] : ( ) : 29 2010 15:54 ʡ . ȡ : " " ɡ .
 24-01-2011, 01:58 AM : [14] : ( ) Submitted by anthony.haddad on 26/11/2010 - 15:54 " " ( Grants) (Aid Assistance ) (Cooperation ) . . . " " ( Grants) (Aid Assistance ) (Cooperation ) . . . ( ) ɡ (wasteful ) ( ) (Neocolonialism Dependence) . . . . ( . " " 14 16 2005 . . . ѡ . . ( ). ( 1990 1995 2015 ) . IMF Research 2007: "Over the past two decades, the world economy has become increasingly integrated as flows of goods, labor, and capital across countries have expanded rapidly. Although there is a general belief that globalization has important long-term benefits through its impacts on growth and productivity, a large body of literature has focused on the distributional impacts of globalization, especially its effects on labor markets, and the short-term adjustment costs associated with countries' integration into the world economy ".(1) ɡ 2% 21% ɡ 50%. (2) ɡ . 2005 2015. 2010 " [ . ]. (6 2005)- ǡ ʡ : 1. . 2. . 3. ǡ [ . ]. 4. . . . 2002 ɡ ǡ ɡ . 2002 2003 2010 [ . ]. () ա ɡ . ɡ ( ) . (2002 2003) ( ) ɡ . ɿ! ɡ () ( ) ǡ ( ) . . ʡ . 1970 2626 () 0.7% ( ) (GNI) (1970-1975 ) : "In recognition of the special importance of the role which can be fulfilled only by official development assistance, a major part of financial resource transfers to developing countries should be provided in the form of official development assistance. Each economically advanced country will progressively increase its official development assistance to the developing countries and will exert its best efforts to reach a minimum net amount of 0.7 per cent of its gross national product at market by the middle of the Decade. Financial aid will, in principle, be untied. While it may not be unite assistance in all cases, developed countries will rapidly and progressively take measures they can to reduce the extent of tying of assistance and to mitigate any harmful effects [and make loans tied to particular sources] available for utilization by the recipient countries for the purpose of buying goods and services from other developing countries. ... Financial and technical assistance should be aimed at promoting the economic and social progress of developing countries and should not in any way be used by the developed countries to the detriment of the national sovereignty of recipient countries. Developed countries will provide, to the greatest extent possible, an increased flow of aid in a long-term and continuing basis".(3) Ǻ : 1. ( 2, 0.4% ) (2005) (4). ɡ . 2. " " "Too little aid reaches countries that most desperately need it". 3. . 4. ( 3) . . ǡ Wasteful)) . 5. ǡ (Dependency) ɡ () . 6. ɡ ɺ ( ) . ( ). ( 2000) ( 2006) [ . ]. 7. (150) ɡ 0.7% ɡ (NGI) - ږ . 8. ( Multi_National Co. "NGOs" ) 2007 . [World Bank seeks private sector aid for poor countries, 18.10.2007] [ . ] Ǻ . ɡ : Attitudinal change could only come from educational process. Consequently, the shape and direction of society would be re-structured through investment in different sectors of the economy, education being most important (Hallak:1990) .(5) ѡ - . ( ) і ( ) : "Individual countries have adopted (or even copied) ideas from many parts of the world and have modified them to fit theirs believing that education has a major role in development(Sharif:1990) (6). ǡ () () . ɖ () () . ( ) ڡ ʡ () ( ) ɡ . ɡ ɡ ǡ . ɡ () . " " " " 01/11 /2006 (7) . . . : ... . ɡ ( ) ( ) : "Education systems reflect & respond to a whole range of social, economic, political, religious and cultural influences". (Sharif:1990).(8) (Dependency Theory) (Neocolonialism) (Culture Transfer) ( ) (D.E.C.D.) 14 /12 / 1960. ɡ ( ). : .. 1991 : Vocational & Technical Education and Training: A world Bank Policy Paper" ( ) ( ) - - . ( : 1995) . ڡ (9). . " " 14 16 2005 . ʡ ɡ . 2006. (205) " 10208 9 2006". ( ) ա [ . ]. ɡ 2005 2005. 15% 2012 . - ( ѡ 1454414/1/2008). " " " " ( ʡ ..... ) [ . ]. 1995 ( 35 ) 14% . ( ) (USAID) ɡ () () . (ɺ () . ( ) . : .. ɡ ( ) 2005. ɡ ɡ . ( 2004) ( - ). ɡ (2006). ( 2007). ֡ : 1. ߡ ɡ ڡ . 2. ǡ ǡ ɡ ǡ ʡ . ǡ - - ɡ 2001 ߡ ( ) ( ѡ ). 1973 ʡ ǡ ɡ . () ϡ . ǡ - ǡ ɡ . ( 14-16 2005) ǡ ɡ ɡ . . ޡ ǡ . . ( ) ǡ . 1991 . 40% (Multilateral Assistance) . ȡ . ɡ . ɡ / . ɺ . / - - . .. ɡ .
 24-01-2011, 02:01 AM : [15] : ( ) : ɡ 10 27 . . . 8 10 . 60 (30) 1440. " " 30 35 . " " " " . ѡ " " : 20 25 ɡ 20 25 " " " " ɡ " " " " . ɡ - - ɡ ɡ ǡ " " . .
 24-01-2011, 02:02 AM : [16] : ( ) . . .. . . . . . . 4 5% . . . . . . . . 8 1000 .. . 500 . . .. . .. .. . .. . .. .. . . . 200 ..
 24-01-2011, 02:11 AM : [17] : ( ) [ . ]
 20-06-2011, 01:22 AM : [18] : ( )
 17-07-2011, 03:54 PM : [19] : ( )
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